BLACK HISTORY MONTH... Present and People from Your Nation, and Past

Hello BKLYN

Searching For Answers
Ok, Lets do a Black History Month post highlighting individuals that are doing great things now, People that did great things, or have done great things from your respective countries... and the traditional Black History figures that have laid the ground work for us today...
 

triniameri

Hey Ms. Carter...
Vivien Theodore Thomas


Vivien Theodore Thomas (August 29, 1910 – November 26, 1985)was an African-American surgical technician who developed the procedures used to treat blue baby syndrome in the 1940s. He was an assistant to surgeon Alfred Blalock in Blalock's experimental animal laboratory at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee and later at the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland. Without any education past high school, Thomas rose above poverty and racism to become a cardiac surgery pioneer and a teacher of operative techniques to many of the country's most prominent surgeons. Vivien Thomas was the first African American without a doctorate to perform open heart surgery on a white patient in the United States.
There is a television film based on his life entitled Something The Lord Made and it premiered in May 2004 on HBO.

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Read More here
 

A.K.K.S.

New member
George Cadle Price


First Prime Minister of Belize and is considered to have been one of the principal architects of the country's independence. Today he is referred to by many as "the Father of the Nation".
Philip Goldson


Newspaper editor, activist and politician. He served in the House of Representatives of Belize as member for the Albert Division from 1961 to 1998 and twice as a Minister. He was a founding member of the People's United Party (PUP), National Independence Party (NIP), United Democratic Party (UDP) and National Alliance for Belizean Rights (NABR).
Samuel Haynes


Soldier, activist and poet. He was a leader of the 1919 riot by Belizean soldiers who had fought for Great Britain in World War I and refused to accept racial discrimination at home. He also wrote the lyrics of a song named ""Land of the Gods" which later became Belize's national anthem, "Land of the Free".

Also, prominent in the Garvey Movement, Samuel Haynes was once the President of the Pittsburgh Division, editor/writer for the Negro World and for a brief period the Official American Representative for the UNIA-ACL 1929 under the Honorable Marcus Garvey.
Selwyn Walford Young


Musician and composer. Among his most famous compositions is Belize's national anthem, "Land of the Free", accompanying lyrics written by Samuel Haynes.
Monrad Metzgen


Well known national hero of Belize having been a head of government in what was the Colony of British Honduras
Thomas Vincent Ramos


Civil Rights activist who promoted the interests of his Garifuna people, and is now considered a national hero. He is the founder of "Garifuna Settlement Day", every November 19th. A national holiday that commemorates the arrival of the largest wave Garinagu people to Belize.
Andy Palacio


Was a Belizean musician and government official. He was also a leading activist for the Garínagu and their culture.
 

triniameri

Hey Ms. Carter...
Stokely Carmichael


Stokely Carmichael (aka Kwame Ture; June 29, 1941 – November 15, 1998) was a Trinidadian-American black activist active in the 1960s American Civil Rights Movement. Growing up in the United States from the age of eleven, he graduated from Howard University and rose to prominence in the civil rights and Black Power movements, first as a leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC, pronounced "snick") and later as the "Honorary Prime Minister" of the Black Panther Party.
Initially an integrationist, Carmichael later became affiliated with black nationalist and Pan-Africanist movements. He popularized the term "Black Power".Following his expulsion from the Black Panthers in 1967 and widespread riots following the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. in 1968, Carmichael moved to Guinea-Conakry in 1969. He resided there for the rest of his life, except for receiving medical treatment in the US late in life.


Read More here
 

triniameri

Hey Ms. Carter...
"Gabby" Douglas


Gabrielle Christina Victoria "Gabby" Douglas (born December 31, 1995) is an American artistic gymnast. As a member of the U.S. Women's Gymnastics team at the 2012 Summer Olympics, she won gold medals in both the individual and team all-around competitions. Douglas is the first woman of color and the first African-American gymnast in Olympic history to become the individual all-around champion, and the first American gymnast to win gold in both the individual all-around and team competitions at the same Olympics. She was also a member of the gold-winning U.S. team at the 2011 World Championships.
 

triniameri

Hey Ms. Carter...
Oprah Winfrey



Oprah Winfrey (born Orpah Gail Winfrey;(January 29, 1954) is an American media proprietor, talk show host, actress, producer, and philanthropist. Winfrey is best known for her self-titled, multi-award-winning talk show "The Oprah Winfrey Show" which was the highest-rated program of its kind in history and was nationally syndicated from 1986 to 2011. She has been ranked the richest African-American of the 20th century, the greatest black philanthropist in American history, and was for a time the world's only black billionaire. She is also, according to some assessments, the most influential woman in the world.
 

triniameri

Hey Ms. Carter...
Cathy Hughes,


Cathy Hughes, born Catherine Elizabeth Woods in Omaha, Nebraska on April 22, 1947, is an African-American entrepreneur, radio and television personality and business executive. Hughes founded the media company Radio One and later expanded into TV One, the company went public in 1998, making Hughes the first and only African-American female to head a publicly traded corporation at the time.In the 1980s, Hughes created the urban radio format called The Quiet Storm.

Read more here
 

triniameri

Hey Ms. Carter...
Sheila Crump Johnson


Sheila Crump Johnson (born 1949) is the team president, managing partner, and governor of the WNBA's Washington Mystics, a position she gained before the 2005 season. On May 24, 2005, Washington Sports and Entertainment Chairman, Abe Pollin, sold the Mystics to Lincoln Holdings LLC, where Johnson served as president. She is the first African-American woman to be an owner or partner in three professional sports franchises: the Washington Capitals (NHL), the Washington Wizards (NBA), and the Washington Mystics (WNBA). Johnson currently serves as CEO of Salamander Hospitality, a company she founded in 2005. Salamander's portfolio includes: The Woodlands Resort & Inn, in Summerville, SC; The Innisbrook Resort and Golf Club, a 900-acre (3.6 km2), 72 hole PGA tour golf course in Palm Harbor, FL; and The Salamander Resort & Spa in the Blue Ridge Mountains in Middleburg, VA. (opening date: Spring 2012).The Woodlands Resort & Inn was recently sold to Charleston attorney Johnny Linton, but is still managed by Salamander.
 

ladyrastafari

Notchilous
Toussaint l"ouverture -



The Slave Who Defeated Napoleon

Napoleon was one of the greatest generals who ever lived. But at the end of the 18th century a self-educated slave with no military training drove Napoleon out of Haiti and led his country to independence.


Toussaint L'Ouverture
The remarkable leader of this slave revolt was Toussaint Breda (later called Toussaint L'Ouverture, and sometimes the “black Napoleon”). Slave revolts from this time normally ended in executions and failure – this story is the exception.

It began in 1791 in the French colony of Saint Dominique (later Haiti). Though born a slave in Saint Dominique, Toussaint learned of Africa from his father, who had been born a free man there. He learned that he was more than a slave, that he was a man with brains and dignity. He was fortunate in having a liberal master who had him trained as a house servant and allowed him to learn to read and write. Toussaint took full advantage of this, reading every book he could get his hands on. He particularly admired the writings of the French Enlightenment philosophers, who spoke of individual rights and equality.

In 1789 the French Revolution rocked France. The sugar plantations of Saint Dominique, though far away, would never be the same. Spurred on by such Enlightenment thinkers as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, the early moderate revolutionaries considered seriously the question of slavery. Those moderate revolutionaries were not willing to end slavery but they did apply the "Rights of Man" to all Frenchmen, including free blacks and mulattoes (those of mixed race). Plantation owners in the colonies were furious and fought the measure. Finally the revolutionaries gave in and retracted the measure in 1791.

The news of this betrayal triggered mass slave revolts in Saint Dominique, and Toussaint became the leader of the slave rebellion. He became known as Toussaint L'Ouverture (the one who finds an opening) and brilliantly led his rag-tag slave army. He successfully fought the French (who helped by succumbing to yellow fever in large numbers) as well as invading Spanish and British.


Maximilian Robespierre
By 1793, the revolution in France was in the hands of the Jacobins, the most radical of the revolutionary groups. This group, led by Maximilian Robespierre, was responsible for the Reign of Terror, a campaign to rid France of “enemies of the revolution.” Though the Jacobins brought indiscriminate death to France, they were also idealists who wanted to take the revolution as far as it could go. So they again considered the issue of “equality” and voted to end slavery in the French colonies, including what was now known as Haiti.

There was jubilation among the blacks in Haiti, and Toussaint agreed to help the French army eject the British and Spanish. Toussaint proved to be a brilliant general, winning 7 battles in 7 days. He became a defacto governor of the colony.

In France the Jacobins lost power. People finally tired of blood flowing in the streets and sent Maximilian Robespierre, the leader of the Jacobins, to the guillotine, ending the Reign of Terror. A reaction set in. The French people wanted to get back to business. More moderate leaders came and went, eventually replaced by Napoleon, who ruled France with dictatorial powers. He responded to the pleas of the plantation owners by reinstating slavery in the French colonies, once again plunging Haiti into war.


Napoleon Bonaparte
By 1803 Napoleon was ready to get Haiti off his back: he and Toussaint agreed to terms of peace. Napoleon agreed to recognize Haitian independence and Toussaint agreed to retire from public life. A few months later, the French invited Toussaint to come to a negotiating meeting will full safe conduct. When he arrived, the French (at Napoleon's orders) betrayed the safe conduct and arrested him, putting him on a ship headed for France. Napoleon ordered that Toussaint be placed in a prison dungeon in the mountains, and murdered by means of cold, starvation, and neglect. Toussaint died in prison, but others carried on the fight for freedom.

Six months later, Napoleon decided to give up his possessions in the New World. He was busy in Europe and these far-away possessions were more trouble than they were worth. He abandoned Haiti to independence and sold the French territory in North America to the United States (the Louisiana purchase).

Years later, in exile at St. Helena, when asked about his dishonorable treatment of Toussaint, Napoleon merely remarked, "What could the death of one wretched Negro mean to me?"
 

Mrs. Campbell

Girl Crush
Calypso Rose




First woman to be crowned king of Calypso, and first woman to win win roadmarch. She came up during a time when it was frowned up to sing calypso, much less being a woman singing the art form.

Born in Tobago birth name McCartha Lewis


I absolutely adore her! ♥
 

LIONESS onda RISE

Registered User
Calypso Rose




First woman to be crowned king of Calypso, and first woman to win win roadmarch. She came up during a time when it was frowned up to sing calypso, much less being a woman singing the art form.

Born in Tobago birth name McCartha Lewis


I absolutely adore her! ♥
I saw a really nice documentary with her in Africa.. Beautiful lady
 
N

NaturalBornRidah

Guest
Godfrey Gumbs


Distinguished Professor of Physics

Awards & Honors — Hunter College





2012: Summer Faculty Fellow for the Air Force
SFFP

2008: Faculty Fellow for the Air Force
SFFP

2007: Faculty Fellow for the Air Force
SFFP

2007: Visiting Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge University Trinity College Cambridge - Homepage

2006: Faculty Fellow for the Air Force

2005: Bouchet Award of the American Physical Society

2005: Fulbright Senior Scholar to Israel

2004: Fellow of the American Physical Society

2004: Hunter College Presidential Award for Excellence in Scholarship

2002: 2002-2004 ITP Scholar

1995-1999: Member of the Editorial board: Progress in Surface Sciences

1993: Eugene Lang Student-Faculty Research Fellowship ( Hunter College )

1991: Sigma-Xi Honoray Scientific Research Society

1987-1988: Alexander von Humboldt Research Fellowship

1982-1992: NSERC Universty Research Council of Canada Postdoctoral Fellowship

1978: National Research Council of Canada, Research Fellowship

1968-1972: Guyana Scholarship to Trinity College, Cambridg, UK

1966-1968: Prizes in Mathematics and Physics, University of London, UK



Kojo Nnamdi

American radio journalist ... host of The Kojo Nnamdi Show, and The Politics Hour on WAMU, and the Evening Exchange broadcast on WHUT-TV. Wikipedia



Lord Herman Ouseley, Baron Ouseley

He is a British parliamentarian, who has run public authorities, including local councils and is an adviser and reviewer of public services organisations.

Lord Ouseley has twelve honorary degrees



E.R. Braithwaite

WWII Royal Air Force War Hero,Famous Writer,Professional Physicist and Philanthropist. Helped to find many non white kids in the UK to find a foster home.



Shirley_Chisholm First African Woman in US Congress






David Case


Highest Ranking Officer in the Air Force of Black Guyanese Descent
 

Mrs. Campbell

Girl Crush
I saw a really nice documentary with her in Africa.. Beautiful lady
Yessss... I remember being excited up in Silver Docs watching Calypso Rose: Lioness of the Jungle. She is on stage what Celia Cruz is to Salsa.

I remember feeling the energy how she stood and called out to the sea, and the waters calmed when she commanded.


#Powerful
 

LIONESS onda RISE

Registered User
Yessss... I remember being excited up in Silver Docs watching Calypso Rose: Lioness of the Jungle. She is on stage what Celia Cruz is to Salsa.

I remember feeling the energy how she stood and called out to the sea, and the waters calmed when she commanded.


#Powerful
I just remembered thinking it something very childlike and youthful in her energy and she just radiated with pure joy. That woman never removed that face splitting grin from her face... U can become happy in an instant just watching her be happy
 

Mrs. Campbell

Girl Crush
I just remembered thinking it something very childlike and youthful in her energy and she just radiated with pure joy. That woman never removed that face splitting grin from her face... U can become happy in an instant just watching her be happy

Infectious is what she is. Couldn't have said it better.
 
N

NaturalBornRidah

Guest
WALTER RODNEY



Reason behind the Rodney Riots in Jamaica mentor to president Ugandan Museveni ,proliferator and established intellectual work in Tanzania and MAJOR REVOLUTIONARY IN GUYANA.

He took his message of Black Liberation to the gullies of Jamaica. In particular he shared his knowledge of African history with one of the most rejected section of the Jamaican society-the Rastafarians.


Ivan Van Sertima

Legendary Scholar Of African Studies

 

Ushawishi

Registered User
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